Foreign Policy in Alliance or in Non-Alignment?
History of the Post-War World Order Through the Eyes of European Non-Hegemonic Powers (NONHEGFP)
The Concept of Feminist Foreign Policy as a Global Strategy (Sweden as an example) : LSE 4.12.2020 TRANSCRIPT
Chair: Dr. Luc Brunet (LSE IDEAS) Panelists: Katja Ahlfors (Finnish Foreign Ministry) is the Director of the Unit for Development Policy of the Foreign Ministry of Finland. She was posted in Stockholm in 2014 – 2017 and reported on the launch of the policy. Peter Stadius (University of Helsinki) is a Professor of Nordic Studies…Read More
Empirical Cases, Directions and Choices of the Foreign Policy in the Cold War : LSE 3.12.2020 TRANSCRIPT
Panel Discussion: Empirical Cases, Directions and Choices of the Foreign Policy in the Cold War LSE IDEAS 3.12.2021 All-Star Cast Cold War Historians Discuss: Arne Westad (Yale); Federico Romero (EUI); Rinna Kullaa (TUNI); Lorenz Lüthi (McGill); Wolfgang Mueller (UNIVIE).Read More
The Soviet Union’s global ports and flexible web-like naval strategy: Case studies of Antsiranana and Tivat
The International Journal of Maritime History 2021, Vol. 33(1) 209-231 Rinna Kullaa Abstract: This article contributes to the history of the Soviet Union and global naval history by comparing two examples of naval ports across the European and African continents: Tivat in Yugoslavia and Antsiranana in Madagascar. Comparison of the utilization and construction of…Read More
Dr. Sandra Bott´s (University of Lausanne) project Cold War Neutrality and Capitalism in Non-Aligned Asia, 1945-1991 aims to better understand how Switzerland’s political and economic history has been embedded in the histories of non-aligned and non-communist Asia in a crucial historical phase marked by the imbrication of the Cold War and decolonization processes.Read More
Article published online in Contemporary European History 26 February 2021. Granadino, A., Karamouzi, E., & Kullaa, R. (2021). Rethinking Southern Europe: Society, Networks and Politics. Contemporary European History, 1-10.Read More
Influence of Choice: Alternative Histories of Non-Hegemonic Foreign Policy in the Cold War
3 and 4 December 2020. Hosted by LSE-Ideas; funded by the Academy of Finland; held online.
About the Project
Traditionally foreign policies during the Cold War have been viewed through a lens of the three-world division: as a hierarchical relationship from Western Europe and the United States to > the Communist world led by the Soviet Union to > the most populous former colonial world.
Historians have often argued that the success of global integration during the conflict demanded American hegemony, and that disruptions were caused by incidence of absence of Western based influence and values.
However, at the end of the conflict the majority of states stood outside or in-between the three definitions carved out by Cold War historiography. Out of some 162 countries only 24 were ruled by communist parties; 35 countries were governed by the US model of liberal democracy. This left 103 countries outside or in between those definitions. For example, Finland, Sweden and Austria had established transparent and democratic institutions while promoting neutralism foreign policies. Spain and Portugal had abandoned their respective dictatorships, started their transitions to democracy as well as the dismantling of their former colonial empires. The Greeks had overthrown their governing military junta, choosing to adopt a democratic
NONHEGFP project investigates foreign policy alternatives from the Cold War until today and raises questions such as: to what extent Cold War historiography has extended colonial histories in imitating a hegemonic point of view and how to include alternative actors in addition to states to analysis of the period.